This is normal, and not a reason for antibiotics. Most cold symptoms go away within a week in most cases. If you still feel sick after 7 days, see your provider. The immune system helps your body fight off infection.
Common cold - Wikipedia
Here are ways to support the immune system:. Allan GM, Arroll B. Prevention and treatment of the common cold: making sense of the evidence.
PMID: www. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Common colds: protect yourself and others.
Updated February 11, Accessed March 1, The common cold. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; chap Turner RB. Goldman-Cecil Medicine. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; chap Updated by: Linda J. Editorial team. Common cold. You can catch a cold if: A person with a cold sneezes, coughs, or blows their nose near you You touch your nose, eyes, or mouth after you have touched something contaminated by the virus, such as a toy or doorknob People are most contagious for the first 2 to 3 days of a cold.
The most common cold symptoms are: Nasal congestion Runny nose Scratchy throat Sneezing Adults and older children with colds generally have a low fever or no fever. Depending on which virus caused your cold, you may also have: Cough Decreased appetite Headache Muscle aches Postnasal drip Sore throat. Some things you can do to take care of yourself with a cold include: Get plenty of rest and drink fluids. Over-the-counter OTC cold and cough medicines may help ease symptoms in adults and older children.
They do not make your cold go away faster, but can help you feel better. These send messages via the vagus nerve in the chest to the brain, which in turn orders the diaphragm and intercostal muscles between the ribs to contract violently, causing explosive coughing.
The force of coughing rapidly damages the fragile epithelial lining of the respiratory tract, causing it to slough off and exacerbates a sore throat. Gargling salt water may help to ease symptoms of a sore throat by reducing inflammation. As mucus builds, coughing and sneezing intensifies.
Dehydration caused by mucus production and a higher body temperature when we are sick, the hypothalamus in the brain may set the body to a higher temperature, thought to help kill off the virus can lead to hoarseness, dry lips and tongue.
A build-up of chemicals produced to help the body fight infection can also cause headaches. For most, however, cold symptoms peak within three days. A small proportion of people will go on to develop more serious problems — around one in will get a more serious secondary bacterial infection in the lungs that can cause pneumonia, says Professor Eccles. Congestion and build-up of mucus in the sinuses and eustachian tubes can cause a bacterial infection of the middle ear, or sinusitis.
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The views expressed in the contents above are those of our users and do not necessarily reflect the views of MailOnline. How you can stop a cold within HOURS of catching it: Our handy tips on how to beat the sniffles this winter An understanding of how cold viruses spread could be key to stopping a cold In the first 24 hours, the infection takes hold and starts to multiply, causing symptoms Leading experts explain what you can do to reduce severity of your symptoms By Thea Jourdan for the Daily Mail Published: GMT, 28 October Updated: GMT, 29 October e-mail shares.
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Cold vs. the Flu: Does It Matter?
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