Homosexualität in der frühen Neuzeit (German Edition)

Free download. Book file PDF easily for everyone and every device. You can download and read online Homosexualität in der frühen Neuzeit (German Edition) file PDF Book only if you are registered here. And also you can download or read online all Book PDF file that related with Homosexualität in der frühen Neuzeit (German Edition) book. Happy reading Homosexualität in der frühen Neuzeit (German Edition) Bookeveryone. Download file Free Book PDF Homosexualität in der frühen Neuzeit (German Edition) at Complete PDF Library. This Book have some digital formats such us :paperbook, ebook, kindle, epub, fb2 and another formats. Here is The CompletePDF Book Library. It's free to register here to get Book file PDF Homosexualität in der frühen Neuzeit (German Edition) Pocket Guide.

However, as seen with religious responses, there are also important differences between the measures taken against both diseases.

  1. Katalog der Deutschen Nationalbibliothek.
  2. Thor: The Mighty Avenger Vol. 2.
  3. The Impossibles.
  4. Moore, Cornelia Niekus 1938-.
  5. Les Saisons dHossegor : Le pire ennemi de lhomme (Les Saisons dHossegor, nouvelle édition t. 5) (French Edition).

Firstly, whilst restrictions on trade were imposed in times of plague through the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, no such restrictions ever appear for the pox. The reason for this likely relates to contagion theories, whilst medical authorities warned against sharing a bed, eating utensils, or clothes with an infected person, they do not seem to have considered the disease quite as aggressively infectious as plague and never warned specifically against traded goods.

Plague had a greater potential to disrupt the local economy as goods could not enter or people could not travel to markets elsewhere when plague broke out. Such measures are never seen for plague victims likely because, once infected, victims would become too sick to beg and often died quickly. Along with the absence of restrictions on trade, this may also further indicate that the pox was not seen as quite as aggressively contagious as plague.

Since outbreak of the Black Death in , European societies had been dealing with recurring plague epidemics. In an attempt to manage the threat posed by the disease, during the period —62 eleven different cities in northern and central Italy passed legislation to establish isolation hospitals, and eventually the vast majority of Italian cities had established such institutions, often called lazaretti.

In Nuremberg, after receiving a bequest from a wealthy citizen, the Sebastianspital was established in the period — to house those afflicted with plague. With the arrival of the pox however, the case is reversed. What was it that prompted the rapid development of institutions and spaces for the poxed in Germany?

Get e-book Homosexualität in der frühen Neuzeit (German Edition)

And why did the Italian cities, pioneers of plague hospitals, lag so far behind? Is it possible that the German cities had learned from their slow development of plague hospitals? It is possible to suggest that the Italian Incurabili took longer to develop as they were not established by the city governments but rather by independent confraternities, such as the federation of the Companies of Divine Love.

What is clear however, is that the history of European medical institutions for the treatment of epidemics and contagious diseases, is far from teleological and does not progress in a neat narrative of continual development from the medieval to early modern period.

Norman Domeier

In Frankfurt and Nuremberg we see a turning point in the latter years of the fifteenth century, with the development of the pox and plague institutions. Yet this is not a model that neatly fits across Europe. Moreover, my recent research, particularly in Nuremberg, has shown that the pox institutions were far from stable fixtures. Plague and pox were not exclusively problematic; they also provided city authorities with the opportunity to exert and increase their social power. A persistent issue throughout plague epidemics, and with the arrival and endemic spread of the pox was how to deal with the sick poor.

In Frankfurt and Nuremberg itinerant poor, individuals not originally from these cities, with either disease were forbidden from entering, and, following the arrival of the pox, it was ordered that any non-native beggars found within the walls were to be expelled.

Display Page Loading Image

Finally, if using the French pox alone we were to seek a boundary between historical epochs, then we may have to look much further forward than Until the late seventeenth century these records persist in referring to the disease by its early names, morbo gallico and Franzosenkrankheit , and it is only during the final twenty years of the century that the term Lues Venera the venereal disease also begins to appear in admission decisions and municipal records. Often, indeed, the old and the new terms appear together in the one document. But even then, we cannot say that this marks a consistent movement from one period to another.

In the medical literature published on the disease, the shift takes place much earlier, with many authors utilising the term Lues Venera during the early s.

There are considerable continuities, and also changes between these periods. I was very grateful to be given the opportunity to present this paper because the theme of the workshop led me to reflect on how the histories of medical theory and urban responses to disease can be used to explore and reflect on the imposition of the year as a boundary between the medieval and early modern periods. Between these periods, between plague and pox, there are significant continuities.

This is seen particularly with the attribution of the ultimate cause of disease to God and sin and also the persistence of non-venereal contagion theories, founded in Galenic-Hippocratic medical thinking, and the centrality of the quarantine measures that these provoked. Yet, around we do also see important changes in Frankfurt and Nuremberg, most importantly their swift establishment of pox institutions. So, based on my research, is the right border between medieval and modern?

As observed at the beginning of this paper, it is an arbitrary imposition. In the search for periodisation we could point to milestones in medical theory such as the change to iatrochemical and iatromechanical medical thinking, or the laboratory revolution and the eventual isolation of the Treponema pallidum bacterium in the early twentieth century. But the fact that it is often belated is evidence that it is not simply a dependent variable in the service of economic development.

Not only do economic interests conflict and pull both legislation and administration in different directions; non-economic considerations have their say, and questions of morality and social prejudices intervene" The criminalization of the theft of wood dropped to a fertile soil; we should not wonder that yearly average of As social scientists familiar with the results of criminological research, we know very well that we are only able to grasp a minimal fraction of 'real crime' when rooting through the archives of justice. The question then is whether that fraction is in any way representative of what had been left out.

Those methodological considerations are determining the ongoing debate about the 'from-violence-to-theft' theory At the same time, it is not only a debate about the usefulness of quantitative research, but also about the historical appropriateness of theories describing cultural and socio-economic changes, as well as the real or imagined effects of these changes: civilization, modernization and capitalistic industrialization, de synchronization of popular and elite cultures. A different standard has been taken by Schwerhoffs analysis of Cologne, namely the number of persons imprisoned after having been accused of a crime more than half of these persons were released after several days of imprisonment without any trial or sanction at all.

Consequently he concluded that theft did by no means dominate - especially in comparison with violent crimes - the wide range of behaviour regarded as criminal or deviant, although theft possessed an uncontested leading position within the field of serious crime finally punished In the nearby jurisdiction of the monastery of St.

Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online — Brill

It was not unusual that the authorities and judges tried to reconcile the conflicting parties whenever possible in order to keep the neighbourhood and the community quiet Lethal violence was rapidly decreasing since the end of the Thirty Years' War, as did the use of public executions. The liturgy of violent death at the gallows or the scaffold became a rare event in the course of the 18th century: Freiburg witnessed six executions one woman for infanticide, one man for counterfeiting, and four men for larceny during the years ; Konstanz ten three women and seven men exclusively for larceny ; and St.

The latter development can be seen in proceedings initiated before the courts of both high and low justice. The criminal act "fornication" used to define deviant sexual behaviour had been an invention of the 16th century, but it was not completely criminalized until the early 17th century Society and the legal system were actually 'modernized' and were 'modernizing', but even then charges of violent crimes were more rapidly increasing than charges of larceny. Thus, 'modernity' is not to be measured by pointing out changing theft-violence-ratios produced by the selectivity of biased legal institutions while the degree of acculturation to official justice is neglected.

Any analysis of rule-governed institutions aimed at maintaining social order - the "ruled-centered paradigm" has to be linked to the analysis of disputing behaviour - the "processual paradigm". Legal systems have always consisted of codified rules and procedures and an unwritten and apparently irregular disputing behaviour; their "cultural logic" can only be understood if form and content of both elements as well as the application of norms for the purpose of dispute settlement are regarded to be generated from the same source: the ideological universe of culture and social organization that produces and is reproduced by rules and processes alike Further essays in interpretative anthropology, New York, , p.

Schweizerische Ketzer-, Zauberei-und Hexenprozesse des Jahrhunderts, Hamburg, ; S. Diebstahl, Eigentumsschutz und strafrechtliche Kontrolle im vorindustriellen Baden , in R. M, , p.

Wenn Anderssein gefährlich ist: Homosexuelle in der Türkei - DW Reporter

Verbrechen und Strafen in Kurbayern vom Jahrhundert, in R. Winterthur, , p. IVES, A. East Anglia , Oxford, The Origin of the Black Act, Harmondsworth , p. Jahrhundert, Sigmaringen, Studien zur Geschichte des Strafverfahrens in Deutschland vom Jahrhundert, Leipzig, ; J. Ein Beitrag zu einer Theorie sozialer Evolution, Frankfurt a.

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Ut semper ipsum a ullam

POHL et al. POHL eds. Ein Beitrag zur Entwicklungs-geschichte des Polizeibegriffs und seiner herrschaftspolitischen Dimensionen von der Antike bis ins Jahrhunderts, in H. Parallelen, Positionen, Frankfurt a. SIMON cds. Geschichte und Theorie, 2, Frankfurt a. Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der Kabinettsjustiz vornehmlich des Jahrhunderts, in S. Studien zur Agrargeschichte des badischen Breisgaus vom Beginn des Jahrhunderts, Freiburg i. Jahrhunderts, Lippische Mitteilungen aus Geschichte und Landeskunde, , 43, p.

Zur Wirkungsweise und Funktion staatlicher Strafverfolgung im Jahrhundert, in H.

Breadcrumb Navigation

REIF ed. Jahrhundert, Frankfurt a. EVANS ed. Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der deutschen Partikular-strafgesetzgebung im Jahrhundert, Freiburg i. Aspekte der Polizeigeschichte, in A. Polizei, Gesellschaft und Herrschaft im Jahrhunderts, in M.

Festschrift fur Sten Gagner zum Geburtstag, Aalen, , p. Ein kriminalpolitischer Beitrag zur Suche nach altemativen Sanktionsformen, Berlin, , p. Tensions et conflits locaux: Dommartin , Lausanne, ; R. Magie und Imaginationen, Frankfurt a. Zur Funktion des Rechts im absolutistischen Bayern, in K. Geburtstag, Berlin, , p. Gewalt und Ehre im Dorf, in R. Bayerisches Volksleben vom Text in German and English. General information. Frauenmuseum Bonn. The AKHFG website contains general information, announcements, a database of researchers, a mailinglist but not for free and a few relevant links.

The contact addresses are Austrian. Die Frau im politischen Plakat zur Reichstagswahl To mark the ninetieth anniversary of women's suffrage in Germany the Archiv der sozialen Demokratie Bonn offers a selection of posters to download. Frauen der ersten Stunde Biographies of women in German broadcasting history, History of the witch hunt Geschichte der Hexenverfolgung An online encyclopedia on the history of the witch hunt, a collection of sources with digitized illustrations, treatises and archival documents, mailinglists, annotated links and special bibliographies.